Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2022
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies  
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, or U.S. GAAP. Any reference in these notes to applicable guidance is meant to refer to the authoritative United States generally accepted accounting principles as found in the ASC and Accounting Standards Updates, or ASUs, of the FASB. The Company’s functional currency is the U.S. dollar.

The consolidated financial statements include all normal and recurring adjustments that are considered necessary for the fair presentation of the Company’s consolidated balance sheets as of September 30, 2022, its results of operations and its comprehensive loss for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, its consolidated statements of stockholders’ equity for the period from January 1, 2022 to September 30, 2022 and for the period January 1, 2021 to September 30, 2021, and its consolidated statements of cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021. The information included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and accompanying notes included in the Company’s most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021. Since the date of those financial statements, there have been no changes to the Company’s significant accounting policies. The financial data and other information disclosed in these notes related to the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the year ending December 31, 2022, any other interim periods, or any future year or period.

We have been actively monitoring the novel coronavirus, or COVID-19, situation and its impact globally. Remote working arrangements and travel restrictions imposed by various jurisdictions have had a limited impact on our ability to maintain operations. The full extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic will directly or indirectly impact our business, results of operations and financial condition will depend on future developments that are highly uncertain, including vaccine adoption and effectiveness, the impact of emerging variants of the novel coronavirus, and the actions taken to contain or treat COVID-19.

Principles of Consolidation

In connection with the royalty-based financing agreement disclosed in Note 5, the Company established three wholly owned subsidiaries, Trevena Royalty Corporation, Trevena SPV1 LLC and Trevena SPV2 LLC to facilitate the financing. The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries as of September 30, 2022. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of expenses during the reporting period. These estimates and assumptions are based on current facts, historical experience as well as other pertinent industry and regulatory authority information, including the potential future effects of COVID-19, the results of which form the basis for making judgements about the carrying values of assets and liabilities and the recording expenses that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ materially and adversely from these estimates. To the extent there are material differences between the estimates and actual results, the Company’s future results of operations will be affected.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The carrying amount of the Company’s financial instruments, which include cash and cash equivalents, marketable securities, restricted cash, accounts payable, and accrued expenses approximate their fair values, given their short-term nature. Additionally, at September 30, 2022, the Company believes the carrying value of the loan payable approximated its fair value as the interest rate is reflective of the rate the Company could obtain on debt with similar terms and conditions.

Recently Adopted Accounting Standards

In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-06, Debt — Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20), to address the complexity associated with applying GAAP to certain financial instruments with characteristics of liabilities and equity, which the Company adopted on January 1, 2022. ASU 2020-06 eliminated the beneficial conversion (and cash conversion) accounting models in ASC 470-20 that require separate accounting for embedded conversion features, and simplified the settlement assessment to determine whether it qualifies for equity classification. In addition, the new guidance requires entities to use the if-converted method to calculate earnings per share for all convertible instruments and to include the effect of share settlement for instruments that may be settled in cash or shares. The Company adopted ASU 2020-06 using the modified retrospective approach and applied the guidance to all financial instruments that were outstanding as of the beginning of 2022. As the Company had not previously separated any financial instruments under the beneficial conversion or cash conversion accounting models, there was no cumulative effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings as a result of adopting ASU 2020-06.