Long Term Debt
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2014
|Long Term Debt.|
|Long Term Debt||
7. Long Term Debt
Debt Outstanding at December 31, 2014
On September 19, 2014, the Company entered into a loan and security agreement with Oxford Finance LLC, as collateral agent and lender and Square 1 Bank, as lender pursuant to which the lenders have agreed to lend the Company up to $35.0 million in a series of term loans. Upon entering into the agreement, the Company borrowed $2.0 million from the lenders ("Term Loan A"). The Company may, at its sole discretion, borrow from the lenders:
The proceeds from Term Loan A and future proceeds, if any, from Term Loan B and/or Term Loan C may be used to satisfy the Company's future working capital needs, potentially including the development of its clinical and preclinical product candidates.
The Company's obligations under the loan and security agreement are secured by a first priority security interest in substantially all of the assets of the Company, other than intellectual property. The Company has agreed not to pledge or otherwise encumber its intellectual property, other than through grants of certain permitted non-exclusive or exclusive licenses or other conveyances of its intellectual property.
The term loans will accrue interest at a fixed rate of 6.50% per annum. The Company is required to make payments of interest only on Term Loan A on a monthly basis through and including April 1, 2016—extended from October 1, 2015, since the Company has satisfied specified conditions precedent related to the results of the Company's recently concluded Phase 2 bunionectomy study of TRV130—after which consecutive equal monthly payments of principal, plus accrued interest, will be due until December 1, 2018. Both of these dates may be modified further with respect to the term loans, as applicable, as follows:
The Company has paid the lenders a facility fee of $175,000 in connection with the execution of the loan and security agreement. Upon the last payment date of the amounts borrowed under the agreement, the Company will be required to pay the lenders a final payment fee equal to 6.1% of the term loans borrowed—increased from 5.25% since the Company has satisfied specified conditions precedent related to the results of the Company's recently concluded Phase 2 bunionectomy study of TRV130—and subject to further adjustment as follows:
In addition, if the Company repays the term loans before the applicable maturity date, it will pay the lenders a prepayment fee of 3.00% of the total amount prepaid if the prepayment occurs prior to the first anniversary of the funding of the applicable term loan, 2.00% percent of the total amount prepaid if the prepayment occurs between the first and second anniversary of the funding of the applicable term loan, and 1.00% percent of the total amount prepaid if the prepayment occurs on or after the second anniversary of the funding of the applicable term loan.
The loan and security agreement includes affirmative and restrictive covenants, including: (a) financial reporting requirements; (b) limitations on the incurrence of indebtedness; (c) limitations on liens; (d) limitations on certain merger and acquisition transactions; (e) limitations on dispositions of certain assets; (f) limitations on fundamental corporate changes (including changes in control); (g) limitations on investments; (h) limitations on payments and distributions and (i) other covenants. The agreement also contains certain events of default, including for payment defaults, breaches of covenants, a material adverse change in the collateral, the Company's business, operations or condition (financial or otherwise), certain levies, attachments and other restraints on the Company's business, insolvency, defaults under other agreements and misrepresentations.
Three Point Capital, LLC served as a placement agent in connection with the term loans. The Company paid Three Point $65,000 upon execution of the loan and security agreement and will be obligated to pay up to an additional $175,000 if the Company draws on Term Loan B and Term Loan C.
In connection with entering into the loan and security agreement, the Company issued to each of Oxford, Square 1 and Three Point warrants to purchase shares of the Company's common stock. The warrants are exercisable, in whole or in part, immediately, and have a per share exercise price of $5.8610, which is the average closing price of the Company's common stock on the NASDAQ Global Market for the ten trading days prior to the effective date of the agreement. The warrants may be exercised on a cashless basis. The warrants will terminate on the earlier of September 19, 2024 or the closing of a merger or consolidation transaction in which the Company is not the surviving entity. If the Company borrows Term Loan B and/or Term Loan C, upon the funding of such Term Loan, the Company will issue additional warrants to purchase shares of the Company's common stock, each with a per share exercise price of $5.8610 and on substantially the same terms as those contained in the warrants. The number of warrants issued or issuable by the Company is as follows:
In connection with the issuance of debt, on September 19, 2014, the Company issued to the lenders and the placement agent in the transaction warrants to purchase an aggregate of 7,678 shares of the Company's common stock. These detachable warrant instruments have qualified for equity classification and have been allocated upon the relative fair value of the base instrument and the warrants, according to the guidance of ASC 470-20-25-2. The maximum aggregate number of shares underlying additional warrants that can be issued by the Company to the lenders under the loan and security agreement and to Three Point under the placement agent arrangement is 126,685.
As of December 31, 2014, only Term Loan A has been issued, all of which remains outstanding as of such date. The initial maturity date is December 1, 2018 and the loan bears interest at an annual rate of 6.5%. The loan is not convertible and is secured by substantially all of the Company's assets. Interest expense of $36,833 was recorded since inception in September 2014, excluding the amortization of debt discount.
The Company incurred lender and third party costs of $0.2 million and $0.1 million, respectively, related to the issuance of Term Loan A. The lender costs are classified as a debt discount, a contra-liability on our balance sheet. The third party costs are classified as deferred financing fees, an asset on our balance sheet. Both the debt discount and deferred financing fees will be amortized over the life of the Term Loan using the effective interest method.
The following table summarizes how the issuance of Term Loan A is reflected on the balance sheet at December 31, 2014:
Debt Outstanding at December 31, 2013
In December 2011, the Company entered into a loan facility with Comerica Bank (the “Comerica Facility”). Interest expense related to the Comerica Facility was $64,292 for the year ended December 31, 2013. Amortization expense of deferred financing costs was $42,047 for the year ended December 31, 2013. On May 3, 2013, the Company used a portion of the proceeds from the Series C Preferred Stock (Note 8) to repay the remaining Comerica Facility outstanding balance of $4,073,485, including unpaid interest and fees.
In connection with the borrowings under the Comerica Facility, the Company issued a ten-year warrant to purchase 125,000 shares of Series B preferred stock at $1.00 per share, exercisable through December 2021. The Company recorded a total of $101,707 as debt discount related to the estimated fair value of the preferred stock warrants issued, with a corresponding credit to the warrant liability. The debt discount was being amortized to interest expense over the term of the Comerica Facility. Interest expense related to the amortization of the debt discount was $78,460 for the year ended December 31, 2013.
The entire disclosure for information about short-term and long-term debt arrangements, which includes amounts of borrowings under each line of credit, note payable, commercial paper issue, bonds indenture, debenture issue, own-share lending arrangements and any other contractual agreement to repay funds, and about the underlying arrangements, rationale for a classification as long-term, including repayment terms, interest rates, collateral provided, restrictions on use of assets and activities, whether or not in compliance with debt covenants, and other matters important to users of the financial statements, such as the effects of refinancing and noncompliance with debt covenants.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef